World History

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Blog assignment due by class time on  Wed 3/29: peruse the material below, then enter a response that describes your top 3 reasons why the effects of World War 1 have gone on to shape / influence the world today.  Make sure to describe the modern day issue, how it is connected to the effects of WW1, and why it is so important / influential.

100 Years after WWI: The Lasting Impacts of the Great War (Syracuse University online 2016)

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In this photo, circa 1918, the Students’ Army Training Corps marches in formation by the Hall of Languages. This is one in a collection of photos from Syracuse University Archives that show WWI activity on campus.

It was called the Great War and the war to end all wars.

Meredith Professor and Professor Emeritus David H. Bennett

One hundred years later, the chaos and consequences of World War I, which began on July 28, 1914, when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, had repercussions that continue to resonate in today’s world. David H. Bennett, Meredith Professor and professor emeritus of history at the Maxwell School and the College of Arts and Sciences, discusses insights of a century on and the war’s lingering effects.

Q: What were some of the biggest impacts of World War I?

A: It changed the world. It led to the Russian Revolution, the collapse of the German Empire and the collapse of the Hapsburg Monarchy, and it led to the restructuring of the political order in Europe and in other parts of the world, particularly in the Middle East.

It resulted in, inevitably, World War II and another revolution in Germany, which brought Hitler to power. He was dedicated to the proposition that he would wipe away the “stain of Versailles,” which was the peace conference after the war.

The war also affected consciousness. It shattered the secure, ordered life of Edwardian England, and people said after the war that the same sense of stability would never be there again. “The lamps are going out all over Europe, we shall not see them lit again in our life-time,” British Lord Grey said.

The war brought about such bitterness about the nature of war because it went on for so long and had enormous casualties—for example, the French had 1.39 million military deaths in a nation of 40 million and the British had almost 800,000 dead.

So when Hitler began to rearm Europe, instead of responding, the British and French wanted to avoid conflict at all costs. There are other reasons why they did that. For example, some European leaders had such a fear of the Soviet Union that they saw Hitler’s Germany as a bulwark against the spread of hated communism. But the casualties list in the Great War was a major reason for appeasement.

Q: How was the United States shaped by the war?

A: The response to the war in the United States was resentment about what many people feel was a failed peace effort at Versailles. The president of the United States, Woodrow Wilson, promised this would be a war to end all wars and would be followed with a peace without victory. To many Americans, especially many ethnic groups, German-, Irish- and Italian-Americans, it looked like a victor’s peace because so many people in Germany, Italy and Ireland were unhappy about the peace treaty.

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French Marshal Ferdinand Foch, commander of the Allied forces, enters the city of Metz, Germany, (later reverted back to France after decades of German occupation) the day after Armistice Day in 1918. Syracuse University medical school graduate Edward S. Van Duyn (1897), who served at a U.S. Army hospital in France, took the photo after driving with a colleague past “No-mans Land” and abandoned German trenches to reach the city. From the Edward S. Van Duyn World War I Collection, courtesy of the Special Collections Research Center at Syracuse University Libraries

The result of the war was America’s retreat from the world, a retreat to isolationism. That’s what Warren Harding meant in his inaugural address in 1921. He said we needed a return to normalcy, and so the U.S. never signed the Treaty of Versailles and never joined the League of Nations, even though it was an idea put forward by the American president.

When Hitler was rearming Europe and fascism was spreading, the response inside Congress was to pass the Neutrality Acts to make sure the United States would not be dragged into another war. That’s one of the reasons why war broke out in September 1939 and the U.S. didn’t get involved until it was attacked in 1941.

 

Q: How are the problems in the Middle East traced back to World War I?

A: The war led to the Ottoman Empire’s collapse and the establishment of a new invented state, Iraq, created by the British out of Mesopotamia and Kurdish-occupied areas for its oil resources.

The same thing happened in the Middle East, with the creation of Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Palestine, which were all part of a great barbecue divided up by the French and British as spoils of war. The borders had nothing to do with the nature of where the populations lay.

The British promised the Arabs autonomy in their area, and also promised the Jews a national homeland in the Holy Land—both unable to be fully realized. There were a lot of other reasons why there has been an enormous series of crises in the Middle East, but what happened in WWI was not totally unconnected.

Q: What is the biggest misconception about World War I that people may have?

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Patients convalesce inside U.S. Army Base Hospital #31, which had been transformed from a casino and hotel in Contrexeville, France, during WWI. Syracuse University medical school graduate Edward S. Van Duyn (1897) served at the hospital during his time as a military surgeon. From the Edward S. Van Duyn World War I Collection, courtesy of the Special Collections Research Center at Syracuse University Libraries

A: Many people don’t think WWI was all that important. You can’t see it on national television and there have been few films about it. It doesn’t look like a war of adventure or movement, because it was a war of attrition. After November 1914, on the main battle lines of the Western Front, there was absolutely no movement for four years.

Because the war is not easily portrayed as a dramatic event, it appears to many people as not all that important. But it was immensely significant and the precursor to WWII and many other events.

Q: What do you want students to understand about the Great War?

A: I try to convey to students how important it was and how difficult it is to understand why it began. There is enormous historiographical debate still going on today about why WWI started.

What also is interesting, because I teach military history, is the way in which the war was fought. The war was dominated by defensive weapons, which made it impossible for either side to break through once troops were dug in. That’s why it was a killing match, a war of attrition, with enormous weapons and spectacularly high casualty rates.

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The town crier in Contrexeville, France, heralds armistice and the end of WWI. From the Edward S. Van Duyn World War I Collection, courtesy of the Special Collections Research Center at Syracuse University

It was the casualty lists and the death toll, including the soldiers who were mutilated in the war, that almost predetermined the outcome. It would be a victor’s peace insisted on by the victors because they had lost so much. But it would be received with enormous resentment and anger by the people who had lost the war.

The Germans came within a hair of winning the war almost until the very end. And the economic, political and social consequences of peace made it the fatal prelude to World War II.

So when I teach my undergraduate class, “World at War: 1914-1918, 1939-1945,” they can’t really understand the second world war—“the Big One,” the one in which the “Greatest Generation” fought—until they understand the first world war.

The following is from PBS.org 2016

The after shocks of the earthquake we call the Great War are still being felt today, in the 21st century

In countless ways, World War I created the fundamental elements of 20th century history. Genocide emerged as an act of war. So did the use of poison gas on the battlefield. The international system was totally transformed. On the political right fascism came out of the war; on the left a communist movement emerged backed by the Soviet Union. Reluctantly, but unavoidably, America became a world power. The British Empire reached its high point and started to unravel. Britain never recovered from the shock of war, and started her decline to the ranks of the second-class powers. At the peace conference of 1919, the German, Turkish, and Austro-Hungarian empires were broken up. New boundaries were drawn in Europe and the Middle East, boundaries — as in Iraq and Kuwait — which were still intact at the end of the century.

Just as the war was ending, German Nationalists like Hitler gathered millions who rejected the peace and blamed Jews and Communists for their defeat. The road to the Second World War started there.

Even after Germany’s second defeat in 1945, the shadow of the Great War was still visible. Then came the shock waves of 1989-91, ending the “short 20th century,” an era that began with the great war and concluded with the collapse of communism and the reunification of Germany in a robust European community. The German problem — so central to World War I — appeared to be resolved. But other problems have emerged that are disturbingly similar to those that plagued the world in 1914.

Each of the following are brief vignettes on a number of current issues, that the authors tie to effects of WW1:

“World Terrorism” by Jay Winter, Historian

“Terrorism was born well before the First World War. But its effects became worldwide in 1914. The assassination of the heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne created the diplomatic crisis that ultimately led to the war. So it’s the provocation effect of terrorism that I think was born in 1914.

In many ways the attack on the World Trade Center was a direct echo of that provocation. The intention was to bring about a military response that would in turn rebound against the power that responds. In 1914 that was the intention, the intention was to force Austria-Hungary into some kind of violent reaction that would ultimately be to its detriment. And that is indeed what happened.

Whether or not the war on terrorism as a response to the World Trade Center attack is detrimental to the United States, has yet to be seen. But there is an idea that terrorism’s provocation was born on the 28th of June 1914.”

“Serbia Explodes Again: 80 Years Later” by  Jay Winter, Historian

“There is no way to understand what happened in Serbia and Bosnia [in the 90s] without going back to the extraordinary events on the 28th of June, 1914 when the heir apparent to the throne [Austria-Hungary], the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, was assassinated.

A series of violent events followed that marked the civil war within the Balkan States becoming even more violent in the Second World War. And in turn, when the communist state of Yugoslavia unraveled in the 1990’s, some cynical politicians like Milosovich tried to go right back to 1914. … So the sequence of violent events in the 20th Century is like a fugue, with one instrument following another. And in the Serbian case, each one is worse than the one before.”

“Immigration” by Niall Ferguson, Historian

“The emergence of new members in the European Union has revived anxieties that would have been familiar to anybody a hundred years ago — of migration of Eastern Europeans to Western Europe — when many Polish and Russian based Jews and other ethnic minorities were seeking to escape from the relatively repressive regimes where they lived.

European politics are still in fact strongly influenced by hostilities to immigration… And whatever the rhetoric of European integration… the reality is that on issues like migration, national governments act with their perceived interests firmly in mind.”

“Bosnia and Rwanda Genocide” by Jay Winter, Historian

“There are two ways of looking at genocide. The first is in terms of international warfare. And the other is in terms of domestic murder on a grand scale. The murder of the Armenians is both in 1915. It occurred in the context of total war, but it was also the policy of an independent state to eliminate inhabitants of its own population.

Now this precedent of a state killing its own citizens is one that Hitler used quite openly. And it is clearly what happens in Rwanda as well.

What’s missing, and why it is difficult to make the contrast directly is that the two genocides of the Armenians in 1915-16 and the European Jews in 1941 to 1945, both were in the context of total war. The two genocide’s of the 1990’s in Bosnia and Serbia as well as in Rwanda, are not in the context of international war. But the first two — the First World War and the Second World War — provided the precedent for the elimination of neighbors, and for doing so in such a way as to make it impossible to live side by side in the future.”

“US Money Power” by Niall Ferguson, Historian

“1914-18 was one of the great watersheds in financial history. The United States emerged for the first time as the rival to Great Britain as a financial super power. Possibly even in some respects, the United States overtook Britain. … It’s the point at which the United States firmly ceases to be a debtor and becomes a creditor nation — the world’s banker.

The fascinating thing, of course, is that that’s no longer true. We live in a time when the United States has ceased to be a creditor. It ceased to be a creditor in the 1980’s and became a world debtor. It’s reverted to its pre-First World War situation of being an importer rather than an exporter of capital. So the legacy of the Great War in that respect seems largely to have expired and been expunged by fundamental economic changes.”

“European Union” by Niall Ferguson, Historian

“The idea of European economic integration and even the creation of a European Federation were in fact much discussed during the Great War. … The European Union we know today would not have surprised anybody who was seriously interested in the future of Europe in 1917. … The idea that it would have to begin with a Franco-German pooling of economic interests, particularly in the Rhine rural area, the pooling of ore and coal, iron and steel interests, was in fact first floated immediately after the First World War by French policy makers and industrialists. … But it took a Second World War to show that this was the only viable way forward for Western  Europe.”

“Baghdad 2003: Making the World Safe for Democracy” by Jay Winter, Historian

“Baghdad 2003 has some shadows of the Great War… The first shadow is the belief that the victors carry democracy with them. This is an American idea from 1917-18. Woodrow Wilson believed that democracy was inherently peaceful and dictatorships, the kind that ruled in Germany in 1914, were inherently hostile and bellicose. By insisting that Germany change regimes, there was a better chance of guarding the peace of the world than if Germany had remained a quasi-military dictatorship.

The notion that you can create democracy and therefore peace is Woodrow Wilson’s. And George W. Bush is a Wilsonian. … one that harks back to a period in which armed force brings democracy to those who are suffering under dictatorship.”

“The Language of Mass Death” by Jay Winter, Historian

“The language used to describe a totally unprecedented vision of mass death is found in the Great War. Nobody had any idea what was going to happen once war between industrialized countries broke out. … So the impossibility of understanding what was happening and the ways in which to refer to it in 1914-18 — and for years after — produced all kinds of poems, novels, memoirs … September 11th is relatively close to us. It probably is going to take years for people to work out what it is that actually happened. … Traumatic memories can’t be configured right away. … 10 years, 15 years, 20 years down the line, some great works of imaginative literature and art will come to tell us the meaning of these [9/11] events.”

“Future use of military force”  by Niall Ferguson, Historian

“The world hasn’t moved that far from the age of the Great War because, fundamentally, national interest is still paramount. But what has changed is that European politicians have radically thought through the way that they pursue the national interest.

And the biggest change … is of course that military power is of far less significance in European politics than it was a century ago on the eve of the Great War. European politicians are exceedingly reluctant to use military power. …that is one reason why these former empires like the French and Germans dislike the sight of other people — namely the United States — using military power as self-confidently as the United States has done since September 11th.”

“What did we learn?” by Jay Winter, Historian

“I think we learned a great deal from the Great War. The first point is that as soon as international warfare is launched, nobody can predict the outcome. The second thing is that international war breeds civil war, and civil war is uglier than international war because there are no limits. We also learned that the technology of warfare expands much more rapidly than the capacity of political leaders to control it.

And I think the final thing that the First World War taught us is that the easy access of individuals to democratic procedures is very fragile. Warfare suspends democracy. How high a price is victory? That’s a question we owe to the First World War. And the question is still with us today.”

Responses

  1. World War I has influenced the world through the glorification of violence and terrorism. This is so because the Black hand was successful in killing the archduke of Austria Hungry and in turn the got the Serbian independence they had fought for. Today, groups like ISIS want society to be less westernized and kill many americans and europeans for being so liberal. While there is no direct correlation there is definitely some type of connection. Another reason WWI influenced modern terrorism is because it caused violence in the Middle East. Today, the Middle East is home to some of the highest murder, rape, and crime rates. When the western allies decline Arabia their independence and made them a mandate they were forced to fight for their promised territory. Such violence was carried through in this region and still lingers today and carries the most terrorist groups. Lastly, WWI called for the innovation of weaponry. This called for a more brutal mind set. We see today that brutality and violence cloud the minds of many. WWI has marked its territory on our psychological process and has shaped a malice Earth because of the barbaric actions that were taken in order to reach victory. Therefore, WWI has been a malignant force on today’s society.

  2. World War 1 resulted in many events and changes that have shaped the world, and are still shaping the world today.
    #1 The root of many impacts throughout the world and different countries began in World War 1. The events of World War 1 led to many big events such as the Russian Revolution and World War 2, which created an even bigger impact. During the war, there were many territories that had control over each other, as well as some that had conflict between each other. The end of World War 1 signified a hope for peace throughout many enemy countries, and settling disputes between them. One major event that arose after World War 1 was World War 2, including the rise of Hitler and a new German structure that has since been affected. After the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was angered at the reparations that they had to pay, as well as being the blame for many things that happened. With Hitler’s rise to power, France and Great Britain decided to stay out of conflict and not intervene in his reign of power throughout Europe. This reflects modern day European structures, connections, and alliances, and how it has never been the same since the conflicts that arose during the war. After the war, Germany was affected tremendously with debt and a beaten down system of power, which still makes its structure negatively affected and changed to this day. Also, many acts on European countries that have happened are reflective of anger towards different countries that began during the war.
    #2 Many conflicts between US and other countries to this day began during World War 1. The US intervened in the war later on due to different rivalries and connections that were going on without their notice. Woodrow Wilson’s promise of peace and the end of wars created hope for a bright future, and peace within them and their enemies. After the war, the US view on the conflict resulted in resentment about the peace effort at Versailles, which many people believed failed and didn’t establish what they had hoped to. Many people in Germany, Italy, and Ireland were unhappy with the treaty and felt that it was one-sided. After all of the conflict between the US and different territories such as Germany, the peace treaty, which was meant to establish peace between them, ended up causing more resentment against the US which only grew. To this day, there are many conflicts between the US and other countries, which relate back to the war as many conflicts began there with alliances and what is believed to be unfair deals.
    #3 World War 1 also led to many problems in the Middle East that still relate back to today. The British promised Arabs land, as well as a national homeland for the Jews, but both were unable to be fulfilled. This created some tension in the Middle East, which is still a large struggle today with the large amount of profiling and attacks on certain areas. Currently, recent news circulate around Middle Eastern issues between countries as well as certain groups of people. Other claims and comments about peoples such as Arabs have been a large issue, which began during the War with many Middle Eastern territories making other territories angry or upset. These untrue predictions appeared in propaganda, which still makes its way into society and the media today. As well as the Middle East, the unfair depiction of many different types of ethnicities during this time period correlate to a continuing biased and offensive opinion of certain people these days, and how World War 1 was a root for much of the hate that people experience today.

  3. 1.) Creation of a “world community” : After WWI, Truman proposed a League of Nations in his Fourteen Points where every country worked together to prevent international disputes from escalating into wars. Truman created it in order to prevent the escalation of the beginning of WWI. It was the foundation of The United Nations today. This is so important because it was the first organization to promote peace through negotiation as a way to solve issues. It was unsuccessful in WWII, but its successor, the UN, has benefitted the world and prevented many wars today.
    2.) Disorder in the Middle East and Western exploitation: After WWI, Great Britain and France split up the Middle East to fit their geopolitical interests and needs. Great Britain, for example, created Iraq for oil and resources. Iraq today contains many ethnic groups, such as the Kurds, Sunni Muslims, and Shia Muslims. These groups constantly argue and fight, and creating nations without self-determination created the disorder in the countries today. In Iraq today, the US left without setting up a government that would please all the different groups, which causes the internal struggle. The absence of a working government has caused terrorist group to fill the political void, unfortunately.
    3.) Terrorism as a way of provoking countries: The effects of the attacks on 9/11 can be traced back to the attack of the archduke of Austria-Hungary to dissolve it. The Black Hand organization wanted Austria-Hungary to militarily respond so it would be more vulnerable to attack. The attack on the World Trade Center was used to create a response from the US in order for Al Qaeda to gain more influence. 9/11 changed the world in which we live. The effects of terrorism on the world can also be traced to WWI.

  4. 1. Terrorism- World War I ultimately set the stage for modern day terrorism because the war was the biggest conflict the world had ever seen and it was started by an act of terror. Gavrilo Principe a Serbian Nationalist and a member of the Black Hand terrorist organization assassinated Franz Ferdinand of Aus-Hun to prove his loyalty to his state. This display of radical nationalism has provided an opportunity for other revolutionaries of the 20th century such as Ho Chi Minh, or Vladimir Lenin. Ultimately these “revolutionaries”, or terrorists planning attacks against major world powers have become a huge problem in the world today with the rise of Islamic terrorism. Since the actions of Principe many groups have arose and spread destruction to their victims from the Viet Kong to the IRA to Al Qaeda terrorism has shaped the world we live in today; no one too this date has started a bigger conflict with an act of terror than Principe in 1914.
    2. Started a Chain of World Events- WW1 in some way or another has effected every event in the 20th and 21st centuries. First, it made WW2 absolutely inevitable due to the exploits of Germany made in the Versailles treaty. The treaty stripped Germans of land and colonies and forced them to pay billions of dollars in reparations. This instability and financial insecurity in German after the fall of the Kaiser paved the way for a radical fascist to seize power promising to return the mother land to its former glory. Adolf Hitler was a product of WW1, a German soldier in the war a British soldier had Hitler in his sights and chose to spare his life. Hitler was sent to jail after his original power grab and this is where he wrote his famous Mein Kampf(my struggle) outlining his views to reunite Germany and to disband of the Jews. Hitler was created by WW1 and Hitler started WW2 and WW2 has shaped the world we live in. If WW1 didn’t happen over 100 million premature deaths could have been prevented.
    3. Technology/Military- WW1 was the first time in history that one man held the power to kill 300 men. It was a clash between modern technology and outdated tactics. Soldiers were equipped with machine guns, gas, and mortar shells, so when one side tried to rush they were moved down by the hundreds. These innovations in military technology eventually led to WW2. In world war 2 man achieved a power that could theoretically destroy all of humanity. After WW2 these fears were completely realized in the Cold War which saw two world superpowers mount massive nuclear arsenals only to sit in a 40 year stalemate. They subconsciously agreed that the power they could unleash would end the world. This rapid development in Military tech started with the machine guns of WW1 and ended up with Nuclear missiles.

  5. #1 Terrorism- As a result of World War 1, the Ottoman Empire broke up into many separate nations. France and Britain created what could be called a secret treaty over how they would divide these new nations under their rule. In the makings of this, Iraq and Syria were created and taken over by the British/French. In these new lands the British and French created new territorial boundaries, which would anger the native people even to this day. Modern day Islamic terrorism began from the terrorist acts to breakdown these borders. One of ISIS’s first ever recorded acts was the breaking down of a wall that separated Iraq and Syria. Not to mention, what led to the start of WW1 was a terrorist act against Francis Ferdinand. So it can be seen that radical terrorist groups that started during WW1, have the same motives to take down world powers that go against there beliefs and actions. However, it all connects to the start of WW1 which allows for this to occur.

    #2 Chain of events that leads to modern day- After World War 1, there was no doubt that there was going to be a World War 2. The Treaty of Versailles which was a result of WW1 was essentially the reason for the start of WW2. The reason for this was, the Treaty essentially destroyed the German . The Treaty made Germany pay reparations, which would dribe the German economy into massive debt. While there was unrest, it gave opportunity to radical groups, the one that became most popular was the Nazi party. Following the rising popularity of the Nazi’s , Germany stopped following the treaty’s and industrialized at a rapid pace. This is a large peace of why WW2 was started. The Nazi’s under the power of Hitler would lead the horrifying genocide of the Jews. Because of the Treaty of Versailles, 60 million people lost their lives, which by itself shows how WW2 has shaped our world today. WW2 would leave a cut so deep, today we still mourn the sensitive topic.

    #3 Military Technological Advances- Starting in WW1 were century year old tactics mixed with new technological advancements of machine guns, poison gas, and mortars, that were highly destructive weapons, that warfare in that day and age had not yet encountered. Following in the footsteps of WW1, WW2 produced the use of heavy artillery which could be seen on land, water and air. Flamethrowers and more powerful mines were also seen in WW2. But the most extreme of all weapons, was the creation of a killing machine, which could wipe humanity of the face of the earth. The creation of the Nuclear bomb, which was the face of the Cold War, allowed for nations to have possession over a weapon so powerful, it created a 45 year stalemate. This all in turn lead to our modern day military technology like drones and robotic machines. But, it all started due to the technology seen in WW1.

  6. World War I has shaped the world we live in today. For example,
    Terrorism- Terrorism became more of a big deal during World War I. The war was started when the heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne was assassinated. World War I was started by an act of terrorism and it didn’t stop there. An example of a more recent attack would be the attack of the World Trade Center on 9/11. After World War I there have been countless terror attacks around the world. These terror attacks have shaped the world we know today. After every attack the level of security increases. Technology is becoming more advanced to help secure our country from more future attacks. More and more terror attacks have been happening which causes a rise in fear. When people are scared they tend to try and blame others for something they don’t understand. Racism also comes out of terrorism. When people blame other races for these attacks or they blame a whole population, genocides begin to show up. Terrorism has cause an uncertainty in our world now. There is a big loss of trust when a terror attack occurs. Terror attacks are very influential. They can bring a country together or tear it apart. The question on how to stop these attacks may never be answered, but there is no question as to how influential terror attacks are and how they are the number one effect World War I had on the world.
    Genocide- Genocide showed up as an act of war during World War I. It started when leaders blamed and discriminated against other races. For example when Hitler blamed the Jews for losing the first war. This was a cause for a second war. After World War I, Genocide became more of a regular weapon. It started with the Armenian genocides in 1915 and 1916. This Genocide went on to shape how Hitler will act in the Genocide against the Jews in 1941-1945. Not only did the Armenian Genocide influence the Genocide against the Jews, but both influenced the Bosnia Genocide and the Rwanda Genocide. These Genocides are very influential to the world we live in today. We have learned so much from these Genocides. Genocides have helped us understand more about why wars are started and why more people then just the military are shaped by wars. Although we’d like to think so, discrimination against another race has not disappeared.
    Immigration- Immigration started when Poland and Russian based Jews/ other ethnic groups moved from Eastern Europe to Western Europe seeking refuge from their harsh governments. This was just the start of immigration. After World War I Immigration did not die down. In fact immigration is a major topic is the United stated today. Refugees from countries in the Middle East come to America seeking a better life than the one they had. A better life away from war. Moving to a new country can be very influential, especially for a small child. It is a whole new world for the people that come to new countries. Most only know their home country which have been filled with bad memories. When the migrate, they are exposed to new language, culture, technology, and people. Even after the war European policies are also being influenced by immigration. Immigration can influence not only refugees, but countries too. This could effect their economy and people already in the country. Others can be exposed to the culture of the refugees as well. They can learn about their life from the Middle East. Immigration is very important in our world today, and it all started during World War I. Immigration then and immigration now have the same concept and influence. 100 years later and refugees are still seeking a better life than the one they come from.
    These are three important effects of World War I that have gone to shape our world immensely. Who knows what the next war will open our world up to.

  7. World War 1 still shapes the world today, because America emerged as a world power, a democracy can create peace, Serbia is still unstable.

    For the first three years of the war, America was able to use their resources to make business. Britain and France needed weapons and other supplies for the war when their economy could no longer support the need to continue making them. As the war continued, Britain and France were running out of money, so American banks loaned them money that they would later have to pay off. America was an essitial part of France and Britain being able to keep their soldiers supplied. When America entered the war, they became a military power. President Woodrow had promised that that war would end all wars, but many people saw that it truly wasn’t. Also, America did not sign the Treaty of Versaille, therefore, staying out of the League of Nations and not entangling themselves in European matters.

    The war became a war to preserve democracy, because the German’s had a communist kind of government. A’s the fighting continued, the idea of democracy was used as propaganda. Democracy was shown as a peace bringer, because the Versaille treaty put the blame on Germany, which opened up room for ideas that their type of government brought war, and the only way to preserve the peace would be to bring democracy to as many people as possible.

    One of the sparks for the war to start, came from Serbia, years later, Serbia is still unstable. Beginning with the assignnation of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Serbia then became a communist state of Yuogoslavia, which unraveled in the 90s. A civil war which worsened in World War II and several other violent occurrences with each one worse then the last.

  8. 1: genocide (a). many different genocides like rwandan genocide. mass murder of millions of citizens. (b). the armenian genocide was the spark to the start of many more genocides. (c). many people die can cause a war.

    2: terrorism (a). groups like the taliban isis and al qaeda causing fear in the citizens of countries. (b).the terrorist group from serbia started the war. (c). terrorism groups have killed many people and destroyed many important symbols.

    3: military (a). very strong military techniques and technology (b). all the fighting gave us these techniques (c) this helped us fight the rest of the wars we have fought.

  9. World War I affected the world we live in today. First, the way the Middle East was divided up by the French and British caused problems that are the root of the controversy there today. When the land was divided, Britain and France didn’t take where the people actually lived into account. They simply drew borders wherever they wanted, and this made Middle Easterners hostile because they had no say in where they would end up. They were suddenly divided, and not even given a choice. Today, there is a lot of fighting in the Middle East and they are not stable. This is related to what happened to them back when World War I ended. Another permanent result of the war was the advancement of weapons and technology. During the war, many countries had improvements in their weapons. They had tanks, poison gas, and aircraft carriers, among others. If there were only guns and regular ships, the war would have played out very differently. These advancements helped many countries win their battles. We still use this technology today and are constantly improving upon it. A third lasting result of the war is the increasing amount of provocative terrorism. Francis Ferdinand was assassinated right before the war started, and this incident basically started the war, as everyone was prepared and ready to fight anyways. It was an act of terrorism trying to incite the war. This still occurs in modern times. Terrorist attacks are meant to provoke fights. We see this and the other effects above today.

  10. The repercussions of WW1 are still being felt today all over the world. The world as we know it would not nearly be the same without it.

    1. Terrorism- Today, terrorism is a huge part of our lives. It is all over the news and it is something that the world is trying to fight. The first kinds of terrorism appeared in WW1. To be more specific, the assassination of the archduke of Austria-Hungary on his visit to Serbia is the first ever terrorism incident. Now, the world is facing the same problems. Certain groups are acting in violence to try and taunt another country to get some kind of reaction from them. This is just what the shooter did when he killed the archduke. He wanted a reaction from Austria-Hungary, which is what he got when they declared war on Serbia. If it wasn’t for the creation of terrorism during the war, our world would be drastically different. There wouldn’t be any large hatred groups who carry out cruel killings like ISIS.

    2. Immigration- The whole world is shaped by the different people with different backgrounds and heritages. The mixing of different peoples is a huge part of our world. When Eastern Europeans had become anxious with the adding of new members to the European Union, many of them migrated to Western Europe to escape their old lives under the government of their prior country. Immigration plays a large role in America, because the western Europeans who had mixed descent later come to America creating more diversity within our country that is prominently seen today.

    3. Way of War- Because WW1 was such a long, hard fought war, it changed the way people saw war and didn’t make it seem as exciting. The devastating effects that left millions dead made countries second guess when to enter war and only when necessary. It pushed countries to try and stay neutral in the future. It also changed the way wars are fought. Chemical warfare was first brought into the war and that is mostly what is used today.

  11. My top three reasons of how the effects of World War I has shaped and influenced the world today are how it shaped America, it brought about the Russian Revolution, and how it laid the foundations for World War II. Americas retreat from WWI made them look more towards isolationism and this made it so they didn’t engage into WWII until they were attacked. It also brought about the Russian Revolution because the war helped show the Russian people how their government was really working. It also laid the foundations for WWII because in the end France and Britain made Germany pay tons of reparations, which they obviously didn’t want to pay, so it left them in bad standing with the rest of Europe. A modern day issue cause by WWI is terrorism. terrorism became more a world wide thing after WWI because people thought it would bring around military response after witnessing the assassination of the heir to the Austrian-Hungarian throne.

  12. League of Nations:
    There are many reasons this League of Nations is important. The biggest reason is the fact that the League of Nations formed what is today’s United Nations. The League of Nations itself wasn’t a great success, as it began to fail in the 1930s and leading up to WWII. However, once the war was over, the United Nations was there to fill into the space. Essentially, the countries in the League of Nations used the failures it had to make up a more powerful, more successful organization.
    The United Nations has been wildly successful since it was first established in 1945. This is where countries all meet to discuss combating terrorists, stopping global warming, and just keeping overall peace throughout the world. This has helped world affairs and prevented many battles. This is all made possible by Wilson’s idea to tart the League of Nations.

    Terrorism:
    Terrorism has been here forever. However, when the Black Hand decided to kill Archduke Franz Ferdinand, it was a greater crime than most people have ever witnessed. It is arguably the cause of the Great War, a war that would shape our world as it is today. It caused Austria-Hungary to blame Serbia and go to war with them. This created a domino effect to make every world power at war. This war may have never happened if it weren’t for the cruel acts of the Black Hand.
    Today, terrorism is one of the biggest issues we face, as groups in the Middle East and throughout the world continue to create havoc all over the world. Groups like ISIS are killing thousands of people, and ruining many families. The act of 9/11 just proves the fact that terrorism is here to stay. There are have been many acts in Germany and France that are caused by terrorists. All of these issues are ruining the Middle East, and it can all be traced back to the assassination of Ferdinand.

    Middle East:
    The carving up of the Middle East by the French and British was selfish and cruel. They separated these countries at the peace conference in Versailles. They split up land where they deemed best, not taking into account religious beliefs (except for Israel kind of) or ethnic backgrounds. The winning nations’ only goal was to make them more powerful and wealthier, not thinking about how the greed they have can influence the world 100 years later.

    The Middle East today, to say the least, is extremely problematic. There have been COUNTLESS wars in the Middle East, one happening right now in the Syrian Civil War. Most wars in the Middle East are national, and almost all are due to differences in religion. Many governments in the Middle East are theocratic, and constantly are fighting over land and control. This has also risen the levels of terrorist groups in the nations, and it is all due to the splitting of the Middle Eastern nations in WWI.

  13. WWI shaped the world that we have today.

    WWI was a war of such destruction and causalities, that it shocked the world. WWI had the most deaths and destruction seen so far as any war. This was still in people’s minds when WWII rolled around, and caused hesitation to respond to Germany’s challenges. If they hadn’t hesitated, and instead, attacked immediately instead of giving Germany what they wanted, the world would be different today.

    WWI forced new weapons to be made. Most of WWI was a stalemate, neither side could win an advantage over the other. In order to defeat the other side, a country was constantly coming up with ways to defeat the enemy, and better defend their own lines. WWI was mainly a defensive war, meaning that attacks were basically useless, the defending side almost always won. And when the attacking side did win, they were quickly pushed back by the defenders.

    WWI was when propaganda was first really used. Posters, newspapers, articles were used to describe the other side as ambitious, greedy, like they weren’t even human. The posters were also used to convince colonies to fight for their ruler. Posters showed Africans, Indians, Egyptians and others as equals of Britain and France and co.

    WWI was also a total war, meaning everyone had to commit. This was the first war where common people were included in the war, where they raised money to help their soldiers. The people left back home weren’t useless, just waiting for the men to come back. They could raise money, help build guns and other weaponry.

    WWI ended with the Treaty of Versailles, a harsh treaty that blamed Germany for the war. France and Britain used this treaty to get revenge, and unintentionally set the stage for another world war. If the countries had used Wilson 14 Points, WWII might not have happened, and society would be very different today.

  14. Would be less terrorism- groups such as ISIS might not exist
    -Many crises in middle east made situations worse in those countries
    -Terrorism became more widespread

    New weapons
    -New weapons are invented and developed, such as poison gas
    -If many of the dangerous weapons were not invented, there might not be so much international, as well as internal, tensions with countries
    -Wouldn’t be afraid of being wiped off the face of the planet with nuclear weapons
    -right now, the US is in a bit of a panic because China is testing missiles

    In European countries, military power plays a much smaller part in politics now that in did before the war
    -European countries might be on edge when they see countries, like the US, using their military “self-confidently”
    -When countries are on edge, bad things can happen
    -also, if countries aren’t comfortable using their militaries, this can make them look weak, and put a big target on their backs for potential threats
    -might not be prepared to use military when they need it

  15. Modern day issue: United States Debt
    In WWI the United States was rich and prosperous, it may have even been richer than the famous Great Britain. Great Britain has been a well known rich country, so when the US rivals them we must have been pretty rich. However, in the 1980’s the US drew itself into debt, no longer making it a rich nation. These large economic changes show that war can drastically change a neutral nation’s economy for the better.

    Modern day issue: Terrorism
    WWI all started with the assassination of the heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne. The “Black Hand” group that caused the assassination saw themselves as patriots promoting a cause, are seen to others as terror-creators. Their deadly peace intentions spread fear and anger into nations, such as in the famous 9/11 attack. Both of the famous attacks in 1914 and in 2011 were caused by terrorists using violent tactics to get what they want. This terror erupts fear and anger between countries and will be the cause of many armed disputes.

    Modern day issue: Immigration
    During WWI Eastern Europeans migrated to Western Europe to escape harsh government control. However, not all countries welcomed them with open arms. Many wanted to keep their nation one ethnic group. We see that problem today, as immigrants turn to other countries in search of better lives. Immigration can cause disputes between countries, which can lead towards hostility.

  16. One effect of WWI on the modern world is the increase in the use of terrorism to incite reactions. When Austria-Hungary was goaded to raise forces after the assassination of the Archduke, many organizations have turned to terrorist tactics against opposing nations to force them to use military might against them. This is important because it not only directly involves the citizens, but also spreads fear and stereotypes around the world.
    Another effect of WWI is the different techniques used by nations to resolve conflicts. Prior to the outbreak of WWI, nations were more likely to go to war and call upon an alliance to resolve any problems they had with other nations. There was an idea that it would be more efficient and clean than debating. But, post World War I, nations didn’t want to incite or draw up their alliances for fear of how much any conflict could escalate, like in World War I. Instead, nations now relied on diplomacy and debates to reach a fair and peaceful agreement.
    The involvement of every nation’s citizens being involved, and at risk for death, was also a huge effect WWI had on the modern world. Before, wars were fought far away from the central populations and were often glorified, but with the need for people and resources in WWI, everyone was involved and at risk for being sent to war. And, anyone in the war, was at risk to die in huge numbers because of the manpower needed for the defense strategies used.

  17. Top 3 reasons ww1 still affects today
    – When the British and French mapped out the middle east they did not map it out for the population, but for oil. This problem is still going on in the Middle East where there is always fighting between different religions. This is only because the British did not care about how you live of who you live with.
    -Propaganda still affects today. Back in the early 20th century, they used propaganda to make you feel like you belong and to persuade you. This techique has lasted until now with almost every commercial.
    -Doing whatever you can do still to stop an. People compare Russian President Vladimir Putin’s annexation of the Crimea to Nazi Germany’s annexation of the former Czechoslovakia in 1938. Countries are still doing this even though the last time nothing good came of it.

  18. WWI shaped the world today in many different ways. One of the most important ways is the way it caused what is happening in the Middle East currently. There is a lot of conflict in the Middle East and it mainly started when the Ottoman Empire collapsed and Iraq was formed. Many countries such as Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Palestine were formed and divided among the French and British because they wanted the resources from that specific area. These countries that formed are causing a lot of the conflict in the Middle East today and it all started after the fall of the Ottoman Empire after WWI.

    Another of the most influential event is that terrorism became much more well known after the war. It began when the heir to the Austrian-Hungarian throne was killed as an act of terrorism. This greatly influenced today’s world because there have been many terrorism attacks that have similar motives behind them. For example 9/11 happened mainly because they wanted to anger the United States and their government. This was similar to the assassination of the heir to the Austrian-Hungarian throne because they wanted to get the attention of the government and try and get them to fight back.

    The idea that democracy will bring peace is also a very important and influential idea that originated during WWI. This is shown through the way George W. Bush handled the issues in Baghdad. He thought that if there was democracy then all fighting would be prevented. He got this idea from Woodrow Wilson who also thought this because he saw how Germany was run by a dictatorship and how that caused so much conflict. Since the US had a democracy they would be much more peaceful and have less conflict.

  19. 1) Terrorism and warfare defense today:

    From the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand, I truly believe that terrorism, what has cost the world so many lives, as WWI did, and has put the world, especially in the 21st century, into shock and unfortunately, even sometimes, what terrorism is meant to spark, fear.
    When Princip pulled that trigger in 1914, it sparked a terrible international idea… long before this were “terrorist-like” acts, such as the French Reign Of Terror and its Jacobins, but things like this are not quite how I define terrorism, and how I believe that it is universally defined. However, I do in fact believe that Princip’s act, was truly the first act of real terrorism, and the spark for this today in the modern world.
    I define terrorism as a crime, usually first-degree murder done indifferently, committed by a group or a member of a system of beliefs, that is meant to spark a war, fear, a vengeful response, or more than one of these things, due to what this or these criminals believe is right.
    So, unlike the organized, governmental, and sporadic plan of Robespierre and the Jacobin Club, meant not really to get a response but an outcome of society and to match exactly how they wanted it to be, this was a simple, yet indifferent and evil act, commited exactly to do what was listed above… get a violent response out of the victim to manipulatively and selfishly get what you think is right, which in Princip and the Black Hand’s case, to get A-H mad and violent, ultimately leading to it’s deterioration…
    Now, how it relates to today, one of the biggest examples where we live, is September 11, 2001. On this day when members of a terrorist group ended many lives, it was meant to do the same thing to the U.S. as Princip meant to do to A-H, to get a violent and militaristic response out of the United States. not only did our troops mobilize to defeat the terrorist group only around a month later, but we were truly provoked with fear and mourning. It changed our country’s history through the abundance of new security, a much more suspected law system and deportation system, as well as a much more extreme precaution system for things such as airplanes. This has created =such cautious behavior that who knows what would have happened without it to the U.S. and how our militaristic history and ability to defend ourselves would have changed. It was truly a terrible event that I believe was sparked by Princip. Who spread this idea to many other people throughout history, and most likely traced to this event, maybe indirectly, but did. Every motive has a beginning, and if Princip sparked this violent reaction, out of A-H and probably the rest of the world, don’t other people, filled with this evil desire, want to use an unfortunately working method. From the millions of lives gone, when one life matters so much, to the changed laws, and the fears, and the mobilizations, terrorism has had a significant modern impact on the entire world, starting significantly with Princip in the Balkans. (see question two for another example of what started out as terrorism w/ the Ottomans back in 1915, but turned into genocide quickly and thus is really connected to that).

    2) Genocide and its branches:

    Genocide. The killing of a speciifc group of people by another group of people that think that the former is harmful, dangerous to the world, or terrible. This, is an absolute dishonor and horrendous event for the Earth to ever see, as a group of people, and even one person, should NEVER deserve to even be ridiculed, nevertheless lose their life because of their believes, and strong evidence suggests that it traces back to WWI. In 1908, the Armenians were systematically murdered, in a lower amount but still so many than in 1915, by the Ottoman Empire, in order to settle their hopes and strong, strong desires for political reform, as they wanted to be part of the government… but the Ottoman’s were the only one’s that were really violent, and unfortunately, very much so. They systematically “terrorized” them, but not by terrorism means, of a randomized murder. They killed ARMENIANS specifically, and they did this to frighten them and tamp down their political dreams. This concept became much worse in 1915, after the war had started, when Turkey wanted to create its own empire, and wanted to eradicate all of the Armenians from the area. So it did that, and sent them to prison camps, with systematic murders, and no food provisions. These Armenians were starved, killed, and agonized, a disgraceful and terrible event in history that would go onto spark WWII, and the systematic killing of 6 million targets of groups such as Jewish, Slavs, and Gypsies. This awful and history changing event, that would have virtually made everything different for these groups and the world, due to the fact that so many lives, that could have been the most significant in the world were destroyed, and suspicions, opinions, and even people were shaped due to this event! And the same thing happened with future genocides, and recent one’s too, such as that of Bosnia, Rwanda, Cambodia, and more, as it is impossible that a genocide cannot do this, and shape the world through fear, sadness, loss of significant people, and worst of all, the changed lives, and thus a changed way of doing things, and a changed international life.

    3) Fear, Peace, Hope, Safety and “The Language Of Mass Death:
    After WWI came a time of peace, as it was the war to end all, but then, came WWII, and other smaller-scale wars that follow and carry into today. However a World War, is scary to think about now, and it was back then. However the viewing of the deaths, the lives changed, the shell shock, the mourning, the terrorism, the genocide, the dead bodies being put into trenches, the lying, the telegrams, the inability to come to a full agreement, and most obvious result, the world as it was and now is, all these things, have created a “NEW TYPE OF FEAR.” WWI and WWII took place roughly 20 years apart, WWII and now has been over 70 years. It took us two times to see the horror, and unfortuentely we still don’t quite understand the true costs of war, we think that money and honor and our nationalism and power come before security, love, hope, safety, life itself. We are not meant to fight here, we are meant to live and love and help and work together. SO, THE EFFECT OF WWI THAT I AM TRYING TO DEPICT HERE IS THE LESSONS WE HAVE COLLECTIVELY LEARNED AND THE SHAPE OF THE WORLD TODAY. This I could argue is the close to the most important influence, sure the map of Europe was changed, and sure armed forces were changed, but what about people? What about the thing that drives history itself? This “fear” and “hope” and common nationalist feeling that we need to protect OUR people, has been like never before, and without WWI, there may have not been WWII but there would have inevitably been a war, and if WWI had happened in 2017, with our technology, and our ability, we would have ripped the world apart, but it happened just at the rise of technology, and now I believe we have learned this lesson.

    So yes, the question is posed, from here there could be two directions:

    1) The application of this lesson to smaller affairs, and as hard as it is to imagine, total peace.

    2) The failure to realize this lesson, and a repeat of this.

    If the former is true, then I believe that WWI is the most devastating, yet important event in history, and is the reason for this upcoming peace, and if it is the latter, then we still have a lot to learn, and WWI is an important event, The world deserves to be peaceful. That is what WWI should be remembered for giving us, this lesson. This motive. This truth.

  20. The three biggest effects that I feel go on to shape the future are the nations of Versailles redrawing the borders of nations in Africa and the Middle East, the decimation of Europe’s population changing peoples outlook on war, and hole made in Russia for the Soviet Party to fill.
    Although some nations borders benefited from WWI such as Serbia and other Balkan Nations many colonial nations in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia were divided up between the victors causing tension between peoples especially on the on the Eastern coast of the Mediterranean, as stated in the interview with Meredith Professor and Professor Emeritus David H. Bennett the Middle East was carved up by “by the French and British as spoils of war. The borders had nothing to do with the nature of where the populations lay.” This has caused much conflict even up till today due to the borders placing peoples of different heritage as well as religious sects together, inciting many disputes some of which have become fatal to many people within that area.
    The war itself was so much greater than the world have ever seen claiming the lives of 7 million military personnel as well as 10 million civilians. War was once seen as a way to stay in control and prove your the biggest fish in the pond but following WWI people became much more hesitant to go to war with other nations, which can be seen in WW2 as GB and France try very hard to avoid conflict with Hitler and just give him what he wants in hopes to not start another war.
    The final and may be most important effect was the hole created in Russia during the war, allowing for the Soviets to unseat the Czar and acquire control of the Russian Empire, soon to be renamed the Union Soviet Socialist Republics. Well Nicholas II was busy fighting a war he was ill prepared for Soviet socialists rose to a position in which they could take over and unseat the Czar. In doing so the possibly most powerful communist nation would blanket eastern Europe as well as much of Asia with its influence up until it’s collapse in 1991, when it was around the USSR took a hand in many conflicts across the world and spread the communist ideals to every corner of the Earth in doing so the USSR would put itself on a crash course with the democratic United States and lead to the 45 year face off known as the cold war.

  21. The results of WW1 have a had a major impact on international politics over the past century, from the establishment of a communist state to the end of the last autocratic governments, WW1 may have been the most important event of the 20th century. It changed the world. It led to the Russian Revolution, the collapse of the German Empire and the collapse of the Ottoman empire in the Middle East which could explain why the Middle East is so unstable today. WW1 was believed to be the war to end all wars.The total deaths of the war is an estimated 38 million. Also, the terms of the treaty of Versailles put all the blame on Germany making them pay reparations of billions of dollars for the war. This put Germany in a terrible place economically. Because, of the devaluation of the currency from taking out money from US banks it would’ve taken a wheelbarrow full of money to buy a loaf of bread. So, as a result Hitler came to power his speeches really hit home with Germans. Speeches about how Germans were great and blaming others for the country’s economic state unified Germany. So, when Hitler began to rearm Germany the other superpowers didn’t seem to care, they just didn’t want another WW1.

  22. 1. WW1 created WW2, both of which have had huge and lasting effects on people, countries, and lives. The Treaty of Versailles basically set the world up for another war, because it only created a facade of peace and, deep down, many people were resentful at the opposing countries that had killed so many sons, brothers, fathers, etc. The aftermath of World War 1 would result in a revolution in Germany, which would bring Hitler to power. One of Hitler’s goals was to dismantle the Versailles Treaty. People’s experiences in WW1 would also contribute to the hesitation of many countries when it came to calling out Hitler on what he was doing in Germany. In these ways, WW1 created WW2, and both of these wars have changed country’s’ borders, peoples, courses.
    2. Problems in the middle east
    -After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, British created Iraq out of Mesopotamia and Kurdish occupied land because Britain wanted the oil there.
    -Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, were also created by the French and British.
    -Borders were not considerate of populations and ethnicities
    -Promises of autonomy to Arabs and a Holy Land to Jews
    These borders that were drawn with no knowledge or care about different groups of people in the Middle East. Today, conflicts between different groups are keeping the Middle East in constant turmoil, and are wreaking havoc on people, families, cities. The borders of these countries created in the aftermath of WW1 were drawn not according to where ethnic minorities lived, and without taking into consideration the relations between those groups. The lands were viewed as spoils of war, only useful for their resources. These self appeasing acts of Britain and France created current lasting wars between minority groups and can even be cited as a source of terrorist ideology against other groups.
    3. Terrorism
    WW1 made terrorism a large scale problem, showing off the provocational effect it had. When a Serbian terrorist group, the Black Hand, assassinated the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, it was done because they wanted to force Austro-Hungary into war. That successful act that brought about World War 1 proved that terrorism could work in order to bring about certain ends. Today, terrorism is a very serious threat facing the world, and doubtless, some of the terror attacks we have seen in the past few years were trying to do the same thing that the Serbian Black Hand was, and provoke a country into all out war.

  23. Based on this information above, there are many events that happened during WWI that still affect us today.
    The first thing that happened in WWI that is still occuring today is terrorism. The start of WWI was terrorism when the Austria-Hungarian Heir to the throne was assassinated. Even today terrorism is an issue due to this event that happened in 1914. Events like 9/11 where planes were hijakcked and flown into the twin towers, or even events like what happened in Paris where gunman opened fire and killed innocent people on the streets. Terroism today has also affected immigration today. Our president Donald Trump had recently started an immigration ban, disallowing innocent people from foreign country access to ours. To sum it up, terrorism has really shaped our world today, especially our country. You cant go into an airport without being searched several times because they are afraid that someone will do what they did during 9/11, again. Therefore, the events that happened in the beggining of WWI have really shaped our world today.
    Another events that has really shaped our world today that began in WWI is the Middle East. France and England were dividing up their spoils of war (formarly the ottomans) when England promised the Arabs and the Jews a new autonomous homeland. The only problem was, they did not fully complete their promise. Due to this, and other reasons, there have been a numerous series of crisis’ in the Middle East. The Middle East is still an area of concern even today. Millions of U.S troops have been sent there over the last decade, and many of the terrorists and terrorist groups over the last decade have come from here, so due to the events that happened in the Middle East back in WWI, the would has been shaped the way it has.
    A final thing that happened because of the first world war was how America became it is today. After WWI, America went into a state of isolation, where they did not want to be involved in any sort of foreign affairs for the time being. This is why the United States never signed the Treaty of Versailles. This is also why America did not intervine when Hitler started to take over Europe. In fact, America did not want to be involved with WWII at all. During this time, America was in the great depression. They only entered the war when they were attacked by the Japanese in December of 1941. So, if WWI did not happen, America may have entered WWII to stop Hitler earlier. But, Hitler may not have even done the things he did if it were not for WWI and the Armenien Genocide. So, as you can see, WWI has certainly shaped the way the world is today, and the world would be much different today if it had never happened.

  24. I definitely agree with Ryan Maki and his three effects of WW1. I know while I did have terrorism and the Middle East as my top two I did not have the creation of America as a world power on my response. If I could change it, I would add it because of the massive effect that World War One had and still has on American decisions and actions, as well as how it is perceived in history and by the rest of the world as the world power. This is an important effect of World War One.


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